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Extensive investigations were done in the early 20th century by the famous botanist, Luther Burbank, who found that nectarine trees resulted from mutations or sports that occurred spontaneously on peach trees.  Burbank found that the nectarine was a slick skin peach, that had lost its fuzz, and he developed many nectarine cultivars into the commercial trade from his home base research station that was centered  in Burbank, CA.  Modern nectarines are classified into two classes, one is by the color of the skin or the color or the interior pulp.  The second classification is freestone or clingstone, but most modern nectarines that are found on the supermarket shelves indicate that the customer preference is dominantly for the freestone nectarine.  Commercially nectarine trees are grown the same as for peach trees, except that they require more attention to spraying for insects and diseases.  The loss of the fuzz on the skin of the nectarine suggests that the nectarine is damaged more severely by insects that appear to be repulsed by the fuzz on the surface, that also appears to counter the infections of bacteria and fungi (mold).  Nectarine trees, like peaches appear to require certain chill requirements to flower and develop nectarines, and the trees are cold hardy enough to successfully grow and produce fruit in most States.  Chill hours are important for growing the proper nectarine cultivar selection, and the flowering period is  important to consider, so as to prevent late unsuspected spring freezes that might interrupt the  flower and fruit formation.

  • Sunred Nectarine Tree
    Sun Red is a variety of Nectarine that requires as little as 250 chill hours so its naturally best for those growers in warmer climates. The Sun Red Nectarine is a free-stone variety from Florida and grows vigorously in the south.
  • Sunbright Nectarine Tree
    Another variety that is very tasty right when picked from the tree is the Sunbright Nectarine. These plants flourish from USDA Zones 5-9 and are a great addition to any backyard orchard or garden.
  • Karla Rose Nectarine Tree
    If you're looking for a variety of Nectarine to ripen in early June, the Karla Rose Nectarine is your best bet. It's a semi free-stone Nectarine with a white flesh and most enjoyed when eaten fresh off of the tree.
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