Home > Fruit Trees > Peach Trees
The peach tree, Prunus persica, was introduced into America by the Spanish settlers in the 1500's, and afterwards were planted in several States, to include Florida, Georgia and Virginia, where superior selections were isolated, grafted and planted into home peach orchards.  Peach trees were first planted in St. Augustine, Florida in the late 1500's and later spread Northwards to St. Simon Island, Georgia and a seaside plantation on Sea Island, Georgia.   Peach trees are separated into two different groups, the clingstone peach,  that has a pit that is firmly connected directly to the pulp, and this peach fruit is used principally to be canned or in cooking.  The freestone peaches have a pit that easily separates from the pulp, making it easy to eat fresh off the tree, by pressuring the two halves apart, when placed between both hands and opened from the center.  Basically there are two colors of peaches, white peaches and yellow (red) peaches are available to grow.  The white peaches, such as the 'Bell of Georgia' peach that  has a white skinn with a white pulp on the interior.  White peaches are mildly flavored with an agreeable fragrance with a low acid and tangy content. The yellow peaches, such as the 'Elberta' peach, are yellow to red on the skin and orange on the inside.  The yellow Elberta peach is sharply flavored, juicy and embedded with a sweet acid flavor that is pleasantly aromatic.  Peach trees normally will bear a few peaches the first year of growing, if the tree selected has a height of 5 to 6 feet tall.  Because peaches are so delicate and fragile, commercial growers normally harvest them when they are green and hard, and that rush to the market sacrifices the home grown flavor.  Peaches taste best when they are picked at maturity and completely ripe - straight off the tree.  Peach trees are cold hardy down to temperatures as low as minus 20 degrees, but that is somewhat variable, depending on the peach cultivar that has been selected to grow.  Temperatures are crucially important in the spring flowering cycle, and a peach tree choice must be selected that does not flower in a time period when the late spring temperature can drop below 25 degrees, F, or else manyof the peaches may not develop their richest flavor on the tree.  In order to grow large peaches, most commercial peach growers thin out the early forming, immature fruit by removing them from the tree limbs.

  • Florida King Peach Tree
    A great variety for Florida peach growers is the Florida King Peach. Growing in USDA Zones 9 and 10, it requires very few chill hours and produces a large dark reddish colored peach ripening in late May.
  • Florida Prince Peach
    Florida peach growers look no further, we have the Florida Prince Peach Tree that grows in USDA Zones 9-10. It sets heavy and ripens to a semi-freestone peach in mid-May, five weeks before red haven.
  • Georgia Belle Peach Trees
    The Georgia Bell Peach Tree is a great variety for colder weather surviving in USDA Zones 5-8. It's a heavy producer with a white flesh, sweet taste, that ripens in August.
back to top