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Pears must be picked from the trees when they mature and are ripened completely inside to avoid bruising unfavorably that leads to offensive and unappetizing eating experiences.  Pear trees of two different kinds and origins are grown in the United States, the European pears and the Asian pears, with some inter-specific, hybrid pears showing up in the Eastern and Southern States.  The European pear trees, Pyrus communis are very important, commercially grown pears from the Far Western States.  These pear trees have common known names, such as the Bartlett, Bosc, etc. and are very high quality pears that when ripe with a delicious tantalizing flavor and a tempting fragrance.  These European pear trees were once grown in the Eastern United States, where they were intermingled with Asian pears and some chance-crossed,  hybrid  seedlings developed, like the: Kieffer, Baldwin, Pineapple and others that are still being cultivated in Eastern and Southern United States.  These latter named pear trees were immune to the fire blight disease that made it impossible to grow Bartlett and Bosc  in States like Tennessee, Virginia and North Carolina, because of the high humidity and temperatures. The European pears are the supermarket quality pears that are best for fresh eating and cooking, but are very expensive to buy.

Baldwin Pear Tree Baldwin Pear Tree

USDA Zones 7-9

Columbus Red Pear Tree Columbus Red Pear Tree

USDA Zones 7-10

Florida Home Pear Tree Florida Home Pear Tree

USDA Zones 5-10

Hood Pear Tree Hood Pear Tree

USDA Zones 7-9

Kieffer Pear Tree Kieffer Pear Tree

USDA Zones 4-9

Leconte Pear Tree Leconte Pear Tree

USDA Zones 6-8

Moonglow Pear Tree Moonglow Pear Tree

USDA Zones 5-7

Orient Pear Tree Orient Pear Tree

USDA Zones 7-10

Pineapple Pear Tree Pineapple Pear Tree

USDA Zones 8-10

SINO Pear Tree SINO Pear Tree

USDA Zones 7-10

Sugar Pear Tree Sugar Pear Tree

USDA Zones 5-7

  • Orient Pear Tree
    A great variety that ripens in August is the Orient Pear Tree. It's resistant to blight and good for mild-winter areas. Great varieties for pollination would be Kieffer, or Moonglow.
  • Columbus Red Pear
    From USDA Zones 7-10 you can find the Columbus Red Pear growing, thriving, and producing. Aaron's Farm has them in stock from 2 feet to 10 feet tall, and we ship them all over the continental United States.
  • Hood Pear Trees
    This large, smooth, yellow-green pear is great for USDA Zones 7-9, the Hood Pear. It ripens mid to late July and is extremely resistant to fire blight.

The Hybrid pears, (Pyrus communis x Pyrus pyrifolia), like the Baldwin pear tree, the Leconte and Kieffer pear trees and many other inter-specific hybrids have good production characteristics, but most gardeners agree that the original European type pear trees will die from fire blight shortly after planting in the Eastern US. A few of these pear trees like the Baldwin pear, the Florida Home pear and the Leconte pear are soft, juicy and delicious to eat and are good to cook or can. Other pears like the Kieffer, Pineapple and Orient are called, ΓÇ£Sand PearsΓÇ¥, because of the grit-like hard cells that are found in them, however, when cooked they can be baked into delicious pies and pear preserves.

The Asian pears, Pyrus pyridifolia are thought by most pear lovers to be the best flavored of all pear types and generally are the best for fresh eating but not recommended for cooking. The Asian pears have some susceptibility to fire blight, but most growers think that the risk of growing them in Eastern and Southern States is worth the mouthwatering taste after they have sampled the first crop. Asian pears are mostly round to heart-shaped, and the ripe pear colors can vary to bronze, brown, or yellow and sometimes greenish mixtures. The pears are picked to ripen in a cool environment where they can retain their quality of excellence and last for many months. Some tasters of pears refer to Asian pears as, 'apple pears' but there is genetically no apple gene relationship to be found within the intermix of pear genetics. The flavor of the Asian pears is very difficult to describe, but when you taste the white pulp it melts away, dripping with sweet complexity with a lemony scent.

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